Freight railroads reportedly move 42 percent of American freight and are therefore critical to the United States economy. In addition to connecting businesses across the country, freight rail also contribute billions of dollars each year to the economy via their own purchases, jobs and taxes.
U.S. rail companies are largely used to carry industrial goods like coal, chemicals, non- metallic minerals such as phosphate rock, sand, and crushed stone and gravel, food products, steel, lumber, paper, motor vehicles and scrap materials.
Freight railroads operating in the U.S. fall into five categories: Class I, regional, local linehaul, switching & terminal carriers and Canadian carriers.
· Class I railway companies are the largest railroads, accounting for 70% of industry mileage and 92% of industry revenue. Class I railroads include Burlington Northern and Santa Fe, Norfolk Southern, CSX and Union Pacific. Class I carriers typically operate across many different states and usually concentrate on long-haul, high-density traffic lanes.
· Regional railroads are slightly smaller, linehaul railroads. Regional railroads typically operate 400 to 650 miles of rail and serve two to four contiguous states. Most regional railroads employ between 75 and 500 workers.
· Local linehaul rail carriers operate fewer than than 350 miles and earn less than $40 million per year. These rail companies typically perform point-to-point service over short distances. Most operate less than 50 miles of road and serve only a single state.
· Switching and terminal (S&T) carriers are railroads that perform pick-up and delivery services within a specified area for linehaul carriers. In some cases, S&T carriers connect load traffic between linehaul railroads.
· Finally, the two major Canadian freight railroads Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway have extensive U.S. operations.
Although it may be surprising to the layperson, railroads move 42 percent of intercity freight in the U.S., more than any other mode of transportation. This share has increased slightly over the last decade because railroad freight has been lower than other modes of freight transport. Despite the large volume of freight carried, the revenue realized by freight rail companies has been only about 10% of all domestic freight revenue.
Over the past ten years, intermodal traffic – the movement of trailers and containers by rail and at least one other mode of transportation, usually trucks – has been the fastest growing rail traffic segment. Rail intermodal, because of the use of containers, transports a wider variety of goods than traditional rail freight. More consumer products are logging time on the rails as a result. And manufacturers and retailers are enjoying the cost savings attributable to the use of the rail component of intermodal transport.
Whether a shipper needs rail freight or intermodal transport, Freightquote can quote, book and track any shipment that can travel over the rails. If intermodal services are necessary, Freightquote can even consolidate billing so that the shipper receives and pays only one invoice. Efficiencies and savings are realized at every step of the Freightquote freight shipping process.